EESE 6/2003


'The people that the maddest times were ever plagued with': English Justice and Fair Trials after the Gordon Riots (1780)?

Uwe Böker (Dresden)

Works Cited

1. Sources: Trial Accounts

GTr I/II = The Trial of George Gordon, Esquire, commonly called Lord George Gordon, for High treason at the Bar of the Court of King's Bench, On Money, February 5th, 1781. The Fourth Edition. Taken in Short-Hand by Joseph Gurney. London: Sold by O. Kearley ... and M. Gurney, 1781 [pp. 1-37] - The Second Part. Third Edition [pp. 1-65].

GTr2 = The Trial of Lord George Gordon for High Treason at the Bar of the Court of King's Bench, On Monday, February 5th, 1781. Published under the Inspection of his Lordship's Friends. To which are subjoined several original papers relating to the subject. Edinburgh, printed by J. Mennons and Co. Brodie's Close, Lawnmarket, Edinburgh [1781], pp. 1-199.

SP = The Proceedings on the King's Special Commission of Oyer and Terminer for the County Surry, held at St. Margaret's Hill, On Monday the 14th of July, 1780, and the following Days: before The Right Hon. Alexander Lord Loughborough, chief Justice of His Majestie's Cour of Common Pleas; The Hon. Sir James Eyre, Knight, one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchecker, and The Hon. Francis Buller, one the Justices of his Majesty's Court of King's Bench. Taken in Short-Hand (with the Permission of the Court) by Joseph Gurney, Short-Hand Writer at the Sessions in the Old Bailey. Part I. London: Printed for Joseph Gurney 1780.

WP = The whole Proceedings on the King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer and Gaol Delivery for the City of London; and also the Gaol Delivery for the County of Middlesex; Held at Justice Hall in the Old Bailey, On Wednesday the 28th of June 1780, and the following Days, Being the Sixth Session in the Mayoralty of The Right Honbl. Brackeley Kennet, lord Mayor of the City of London. Taken in Short-Hand by Joseph Gurney, And Published by Authority. London: Printed for Joseph Gurney 1779/1780.

2. Other Sources and Secondary Literature

"Rise and Progress of the late Tumults [the Gordon Riots]", Gentleman's Magazine 50 (1780), 265-268, 312-316; "Particular Detail of the late riotous Tumults [Gordon Riots, cont.]", ibid., 367-369.

Altick, Richard D. (1957/1963) The English Common Reader: A Social History of the Mass Reading Public 1800-1900. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Baker, J.H. (1986) 'Criminal Courts and Procedure, 1550-1800'. The Legal Profession and the Law: Historical Essays. London: Hambledon 1986.

Barrell, John (2000) Imagining the King's Death: Figurative Treason, Fantasies of Regicide, 1793-96. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Beattie, J.M. (1991) 'Scales of Justice: Defence Counsel and the English Criminal Trial in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries'. Law and History Review 9: 221-267.

Bennett, W. Lance, and Martha S. Feldman (1981) Reconstructing Reality in the Courtroom. London: Tavistock.

Bertelsen, Lance (1997) 'Committed by Justice Fielding: Judicial and Journalistic Representation in the Bow Street Magistrate's Office, January 3-November 24, 1752'. Eighteenth-Century Studies 30: 337-363.

Blackstone, William (1979) Commentaries on the Laws of England. A Facsimile of the First Edition of 1765-1769, with an introd. by Stanley N. Katz, 4 vols., Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Böker, Uwe (1981) 'Entdeckung des Unbewußten in der viktorianischen Kriminalliteratur. Andrew Forresters 'A Child Found Dead' und Wilkie Collins' The Moonstone'. Deutsche Vierteljahresschrift für Literaturwissenschaft und Geistesgeschichte 55: 665-83.

Böker, Uwe (2001) 'The Institutionalization of Legal Norms and Values in England (1500-1900)' In: Processes of Institutionalisation: Case Studies in Crime, Prison, and Censorship. Eds. Uwe Böker and Julie Hibbard. Essen: Die Blaue Eule, 13-60.

Böker, Uwe (2002) 'The Prison and the Penitentiary as Sites of Public Counter-Discourse'. In: Sites of Discourse - Public and Private Spheres - Legal Culture. Eds. Uwe Böker and Julie Hibbard. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 211-248.

Cockburn, J.S. (1972) A History of English Assizes 1558-1714. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Crabbe, George (1932) The Life of George Crabbe by His Son. With an intr. by E.M. Forster. London: Oxford University Press, 78-80.

Dickens, Charles (1991). Barnaby Rudge [...] with an Introduction by Kathleen Tillotson, The Oxford Illustrated Dickens. Oxford: Oxford University Press [repr. 1991].

Dransfield, Scott (1998) 'Reading the Gordon riots in 1841: Social Violence and Moral Management in Barnaby Rudge'. Dickens Study Annual 27: 69-95

Fielding, Henry (1988) An Enquiry into the Causes of the Late Increase of Robbers and Related Writings. Ed. Malvin R. Zirker. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Foss, Edward (1870) A Biographical Dictionary of the Judges of England. London: Murray.

Green, Thomas Andrew (1985) Verdict According to Conscience: Perspectives on English Criminal Trial Jury, 1200-1800. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Hawkins, John (1992) A Charge to the Grand Jury of the County of Middlesex. Repr. in: Charges to the Grand Jury 1689-1803. Ed. Georges Lamoine, London: Offices of the Royal Historical Society, 431-455.

Hay, Douglas (1993) 'The Laws of God and the Laws of Man: Lord Gordon and the Death Penalty'. In: Protest and Survival: Essays for E.P. Thompson. London: Merlin Press 1993, 60-111.

Holcroft, Richard (1780) A Plain and Succint Narrative of the Late Riots and Disturbances in the Cities of London and Westminter [...], third edition, corrected [...] by William Vincent. London: printed for Fielding and Walker.

Houswitschka, Christoph (2004) Die Rechtskultur der High Treason Trials von 1794 und die Literatur der Demokratisierung (forthcoming).

Howson, Gerald (1970) The Thief-Taker General. New Brunswick and Oxford: Transaction Books.

Jackson, William (1795) The New and Complete NEWGATE CALENDAR; OR, VILLANY DISPLAYED IN ALL ITS BRANCHES. [...] London: Alexander Hogg, 6 vols.

Kampmann, Christoph (2001) 'Emancipation and Violence: On the Interpretation of the Anti-Jewish Riots in the German Vormärz'. In: Religion und Politik in Deutschland und Großbritannien: Religion and Politics in Britain and Germany. Eds. Richard Bonney, Franz Bosbach, Thomas Brockmann. München: Saur, 63-82.

Kazantzis, Judith comp. (1968) A Collection of Contemporary Documents. London: Cape (Jackdaw Publications No. 48).

Keymer, Tom (1993) Richardson's Clarissa and the Eighteenth-Century Reader. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

King, Peter (2000) Crime, Justice, and Discretion in England 1740-1820. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Landsman, Stephan (1990) 'The Rise of the Contentious Spirit: Adversary Procedure in Eighteenth-Century England'. Cornell Law Review 73: 498-609.

Langbein, John H. (1983) 'Shaping the Eighteenth-Century Criminal Trial: a View from the Ryder Sources'. The University of Chicago Law Review 50: 1-136.

Linebaugh, Peter (1992) The London Hanged. Crime and Society in the Eighteenth Century. Cambridge: University Press.

McLynn, Frank (1989) Crime and Punishment in Eighteenth-century England. London: Routledge.

Oldham, James (1992) The Mansfield Manuscripts and the Growth of English Law in the Eighteenth Century. 2 vols. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Rogers, Nicholas (1990) 'Crowd and People in the Gordon Riots'. In: England and Germany in the late Eighteenth-Century. Ed. Eckhardt Hellmuth. London: German Historical Institute 1990, 39-55.

Rudé, George (1974) Paris and London in the 18th Century: Studies in Popular Protest. London: Fontana/Collins.

Sancho, Ignatius (1998) The Letters of the Late Ignatius Sancho, An African. Ed. Vincent Carretta, London and New York: Penguin.

Shapiro, Barbara J. (1983) Probability and Certainty in Seventeenth-Century England. A Study of the Relationships between Natural Science, Religion, History, Law, and Literature. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Sherwood, Marika (1997) 'Blacks in the Gordon Riots'. History Today Dec.: 24-28.
The Susan Burney Letters Project (2002): (page created 9 May 2002, last updated 30 July 2002).

Walpole, Horace (1866) The Letters of Horace Walpole, Earl of Orford. Ed. Peter Cunningham, 9 vols., London: Bohn.

Ward, Tony (1997) 'Law, Common Sense and the Authority of Science: Expert Witnesses and Criminal Insanity in England, ca. 1840-1940'. Social & Legal Studies 6: 343-362.

Wharam, Alan 1995) Treason. Famous English Treason Trials. Stroud: Sutton.

Welsh, Alexander (1992) Strong Representations. Narrative and Circumstantial Evidence in England. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.